connected, and political theory has a religious and theological motivation. That implies “Al-Mawardi’s Theory of the Caliphate”, Sir Hamilton Gibb has pointed. Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi known in Latin as Alboacen ( CE), was an Islamic jurist of the Shafi’i school most remembered for his works on religion, government, the caliphate, and public and constitutional law during a time of political turmoil. the Mu’tazila school of thought, the great (orthodox) Shafi’i jurist al-Subki (d. /) start a discussion philosophically about political ethics and Muslim character First, al-Mawardi influenced by philosophical thought.
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He was not only a distinguished judge but also a distinguished author. In an Islamic state, the ministers must be Muslims.
If the minister delegation resigns, the rest of the ministers shall be considered as removed. Khushal 20 July at Mawardi says that the real motive of the institution is to follow the straight path and to strengthen the political bonds.
Edinburgh Research Archive
The State administration as a whole was called Diwan. The Imam may not consult them in affairs of state. He cannot interfere in the affairs like appointment of the governors and in military expeditions. Al Mawardi is a Muslim philosopher. Distinguished between religious millah and sociopolitical ummah forms of human association. But with all the good points that can be said about Al-Mawardi, he had one short-coming, he was not a political thinker, and hence could not evolve a philosophic conception of mawwardi state.
The Poliical of Delegation is the person in whom the Imam has the fullest confidence and to whom the powers of administration of the realm are delegated.
He discards the divine right of rule, for despite his anxiety poliical the restoration of sovereign power of Abbasid Caliphs, he nowhere supports their claim, or the claim of jurists to unchallenged obedience to the Head of the State.
About Al-mawardiAl-Mawardi. He may be nominated by the ruling Imam In the first case some scholars hold that Tbeory must be elected by all the members of the Electoral College in all the cities; others oppose this view and say that Caliph Abu Bakr was elected by the citizens of Medina. This approach to the matter would explain the working arrangement finally reached by the Buyids and the Abbasid caliphs, later followed also by the more efficient Seljuqswhereby the military held actual power while recognizing the Caliph as the supreme head of government and receiving from him, in turn, recognition of their mundane authority.
The organization and prosecution of religious war against those who oppose Islam or refuse to enter the protection of mawxrdi Islamic State as non-Muslim subjects. Those who do not recognize the authority as absolute, justify their opposition by declaring that family considerations must not weight with the Caliph, who is bound by oplitical to choose one who fulfills the conditions laid down for the holder of the office of the Imam.
The second fundamental source of political speculation was the Sunnah. And among you there is none like Abu Bakr towards whom the people may look with love and reverence, therefore, if anyone of you swears allegiance to a mqwardi without consulting the general body of Muslims, such a person shall not be deemed as elected, and the likelihood is that both these persons may be beheaded.
They resorted to the holy Quran and hadiths. The second civil war of Muslims was fought by the Umayyads, the Hashimites, and the Zubairites under the same pre-text. It is called wasiah. He says that the Electoral College may nominate anyone of the two as Imam without assigning any reason. Here, a note of explanation seems to be necessary.
Al-Ahkam at-Sultaniyah Ordinances of Government 2. Al-Mawardi is of the view that people should not extend unconditional obedience to the caliph or thfory.
And the charge that occurred was simply un-Islamic, undemocratic and vicious. Wisdom The candidates of Imamate should also fulfill certain conditions: Still others assert that only five persons are sufficient to elect the Imam. The Imam cannot withdraw the nomination until there occurs in this heir-apparent some important change which legally invalidates hint.
And it was this theory that throttled the growth of democracy in Islamic polity. The nomination of a person as heir apparent becomes effective only when he declares his consent to it. Aits basic principle remained permanent and operative. His well-known extant works are: Nominated by the existing imam. Along with the verses of the Quran he argues from the order of the Prophet P.
The political thought of Abu Al-Hassan Al-Mawardi
Al-Mawardi is of the view that the nomination of a person as heir apparent becomes effective only when he declares his consent to it. But there is no denying the fact that the people resented the autocratic trends in the statecraft and stood for their basic rights.
Hprovided you believe in God and in the day of Judgment. The decline of the caliphate and rise of emirates. The office is similar to the secretary to the government in modern times. A and finally cracked during the reign of Hazrat Ali R. Al-Mawardi was born in Basrah during the year C. He also holds that if there is only one candidate for this office, he automatically becomes caliph and there is no need of election.
When they founded the Fatimid Empire and later the Safawid Dynasty in Persia, they wiped out their political opponents with cruelty and butchery. In a passage, al-Mawardi says that in case the usurper shows an uncompromising and rebellious attitude, the Caliph can call in the help of one who can relieve him of the straits.
Some authors make the claim pklitical his family was Kurdish,  a claim which is unsubstantiated. The imam can appoint the Electoral college as well as the persons who may contest for the Imamate.